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  • Writer's pictureNassia Skoulikariti

IoT Device Longevity and Obsolescence: The Silent Concern

Updated: Oct 12, 2023

Old fashioned Carriage with writing

The Internet of Things (IoT) revolution has promised a future where our physical world seamlessly merges with the digital. The benefits are undeniable, from smart refrigerators that notify you when you're out of milk to industrial sensors that provide real-time data to improve manufacturing processes. Yet, lurking beneath the glittering surface of this tech wonderland is an issue few are discussing in depth: the challenges posed by the longevity and obsolescence of IoT devices.

Bridging the gap between the optimistic vision and the potential pitfalls of IoT is a topic that demands our attention. While the IoT brings about a realm of possibilities, enabling everyday items to become interconnected and more intelligent, it also surfaces concerns about device lifespan and what happens post-obsolescence. The pace at which technology evolves is relentless, often leaving behind a trail of outdated devices.

This dichotomy presents a complex challenge: How do we maximize the potential of IoT while mitigating the risks associated with its rapid evolution?

A Short-Lived Digital Utopia: IoT Device Longevity

IoT devices are inherently designed for integration and continuous interaction with other devices and systems. But what transpires when a device outlives its manufacturer's support? Or when it's deemed 'obsolete' in an industry in a constant flux state?

Security Risks

Devices that no longer receive updates become vulnerable. As new security threats emerge, unsupported devices become an easy prey. This is particularly alarming given that many IoT devices have access to sensitive data, be it personal information from consumers or proprietary data from companies.

Declining Functionality

Over time, software evolves. APIs get updated, communication protocols shift, and if an IoT device isn't updated to adapt to these changes, it may lose its functionality, partially or entirely.

Economic Implications

Consumers and businesses invest heavily in IoT devices expecting a reasonable lifespan—premature obsolescence results in more frequent replacements, leading to escalated costs.

The Obsolescence Conundrum: A Path Forward

Manufacturers are at the forefront of addressing these challenges, and there are several ways in which the industry can mitigate these issues:

Extended Support

Companies can pledge to provide extended support periods for their devices, ensuring updates and patches for a reasonable timeframe.

Open Source Firmware

The community can take over and provide updates by making device firmware open-source even after the original manufacturer ceases support.

Modular Design

Devices designed with modularity in mind can have individual components replaced rather than the entire device, thereby prolonging their life.

Clear Communication

Companies should clearly communicate the support lifespan of their products, enabling consumers and businesses to make informed decisions.

A Shared Responsibility

The longevity and relevance of IoT devices hinge on a triad of stakeholders: the manufacturers, consumers, and businesses. Each bears a unique set of responsibilities that, when carried out effectively, can lead to a more sustainable IoT ecosystem.

Manufacturers, undeniably, are at the forefront of this dynamic. Their decisions impact a device's design, durability, and software compatibility, determining how long it remains functional and relevant. However, beyond just creating the product, they need to commit to long-term support, updates, and ensuring backward compatibility. This commitment reassures users that their investment won't become obsolete in a few years.

Conversely, consumers wield a potent tool: their purchasing power. Consumers send a clear message about market demand by discerning their choices, researching products meticulously, and opting for those with proven longevity and consistent manufacturer support. This informed buying is not just about getting value for money but also about championing sustainability in tech.

Often large-scale buyers of IoT devices, businesses also play a significant role. Their requirements and bulk purchasing decisions can steer manufacturers toward more sustainable practices. By prioritizing devices with a longer life cycle and backed by extended manufacturer support, businesses can set industry standards and indirectly advocate to move away from the throwaway culture so prevalent in tech.

While each stakeholder has a distinct role, their collaborative efforts will drive the paradigm shift. Only with this shared responsibility can we hope to curtail rapid obsolescence and make the IoT revolution sustainable.

Moreover, a collective push from consumers for longer-lasting, more sustainable products can influence manufacturers to prioritize longevity over rapid obsolescence.


The IoT holds the promise of a smarter, more connected world. Yet, for this promise to retain its allure in the long run, the industry must confront and find solutions to the lurking challenge of device longevity and obsolescence. As consumers, technologists, and stakeholders in this digital future, we all share the responsibility.


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