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  • Writer's pictureApiro Data

IoT Architecture

Updated: Oct 12, 2023

person, city scape and IoT icons

Justifying the hype surrounding IoT and the need for digital transformation, IoT has started enabling us with user-centric adaptive devices, ensuring the next stage in the Internet’s evolution.

We spend much time talking about the monetization predictions the analyst community provides regularly. However, very few understand the complexity of implementing an IoT system to drive innovation, operational efficiencies, and monetization from IoT services.

The perceived complexity of IoT systems has been holding several organizations from implementing IoT services—perhaps waiting for a more synergistic environment before they start experimenting.

Demystifying IoT Architecture

Each IoT system is different. However, the foundation for each IoT architecture, and its general data process flow, is similar.

Stages in an IoT process

  1. The Things: Sensors And Actuators

  2. Data Acquisition: The Internet Gateway

  3. Edge devices/IT

  4. The Data Center/The Cloud

All stages are integrated flows to carry critical data from connected devices to production and IT systems to deliver and create actionable insights.

IoT architecture journey

The journey starts with the things connected to the internet objects, with embedded sensors and actuators able to sense their environment and collect data to pass on to internet gateways. 

The IoT data acquisition gateways are collecting volumes of unprocessed data, converting it into digital streams, filtering it, and getting it ready for analysis. 

Edge devices next, further process the data; machine learning and visualization are used here for advanced analytics. 

Last, the data is moved to local or cloud data centers for storage and to be further analyzed and drive actionable insights.

IoT architecture will vary with each use case; it is essential not to get overwhelmed by the complexity. By putting all the technologies in line, we ensure collection, processing, and analysis efficiency. In turn, this will aid with data exploitation to drive key and actionable insights and create a scalable and secure IoT architecture.

In Summary

IoT architecture, at its core, consists of the four building blocks: the things, data acquisition, edge devices, and storage. All fundamental to create a functional, sustainable, and scalable IoT ecosystem.

Organizations implementing IoT solutions are getting business value from their data and drive competitive advantage against their competitors.

Is your company ready to take advantage of the IoT technological revolution?


Nassia Skoulikariti

Founder and CEO Apiro Data Ltd

Get in touch and let’s build something great together!

Authors Bio:

Nassia is a Digital Transformation Technologist with over 25 years of experience helping global organisations develop and grow.

Nassia helps businesses commercialise their digital transformation to drive operational efficiency and increase revenue through creative technology solutions with IoT, AI and Cloud services.

Nassia is the Founder and CEO of Apiro Data Ltd an End2End IoT solutions and platform company, enabling deployment, data collection, processing and visualisation to manage and monitor connected devices.

Apiro Data Ltd

Apiro Data Ltd, was founded Oct 2018 with the vision to take our clients on a journey from unconnected products to connected services.

At Apiro Data, we understand that transformation in the digital age is not always easy. Opportunities such us operational efficiencies, cost saving and innovation, come peppered with equivalent challenges, including limited knowledge base, upfront capital and business process integration.

Our role is to help companies, large and small, to win with IoT. We do that through our partner ecosystem and our End2End IoT platform Infinity Core, which enables deployment, data collection, processing and visualisation to manage and monitor connected, smart devices.

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